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World-class Glaucoma treatment – right on your doorstep

What is Glaucoma

The optic nerve carries visual information from the retina of the eye to the brain via a complex array of more than one million nerve fibres. Glaucoma generally occurs when the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises over time.

Rather than being a single disease, this increase in pressure causes a group of conditions that can damage the nerve fibres, causing progressive loss of peripheral vision and ultimately blindness, if the condition remains undiagnosed and untreated.

Who is at risk

Anyone can develop Glaucoma. However some people may be at higher risk than others. They include:

  • Adults over 45 years old
  • Those of black African descent
  • Anyone with myopia (short-sightedsness), high intraocular pressure or a previous eye injury
  • Families with a history of Glaucoma
  • Those sufferering from migraines or diabetes
  • People with cardio-circulatory conditions, including high blood pressure and vasospasm (poor circulation)

How Glaucoma effects our vision

Glaucoma may have no effect on vision in its earliest stages, as the disease can progress slowly over many years with no loss of vision or pain at all. However, over time, a person with Glaucoma may notice his or her side (peripheral) vision gradually failing. For example, objects directly in front may still be seen clearly, but objects to the side, or near the corner of the eye, may be missed.

Glaucoma may affect one or both eyes and, unlike some other eye conditions, loss of eyesight caused by glaucoma is not reversible.

Without treatment, people with glaucoma will slowly lose their peripheral vision, and will suffer from ‘tunnel vision’. Over time even central vision may decrease, until eventually no vision remains

How Glaucoma is treated

Your eye surgeon will initially undertake a series of diagnostic tests to measure pressure inside your eye and to assess the state of your peripheral vision. If these investigations confirm the presence of Glaucoma you may be prescribed eye drops to reduce the intraocular pressure, either by reducing the production or by increasing the drainage of fluid (aqueous humour) from the eyes.

If use of this medication alone does not reduce the pressure within the eye, then your eye surgeon may recommend further treatment.

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